Results and Analysis June 1983

General Election, 9th June 1983:
The final number of seats won by the parties was:

650 seats
Con 397 (+58);   Lab 209 (-59);   Alliance (Lib) 17 (+6);   Alliance (SDP) 6 ;   Plaid 2 (-);   SNP 2 (-);   Official U 11(+6)  Others 6 (-)
Conservatives had an overall majority of 144
However, there was no sitting Speaker contesting the election, and a Conservative was elected as Speaker after the election, thus reducing the effective majority to 143.

There is a breakdown of seats and percentage votes by region

Full results for each constituency

The total electorate was 42,197,832 of whom 30,670,779 voted - a turnout of 72.68%
The average electorate size was 64,919.74. In Conservative won seats the average was 67,314.36, Labour 61,838.77, Lib/SDP Alliance 58,231.65, Plaid Cymru 37,303.00, and SNP 42,787.00.

 ElectorateTotal VoteTurnout
England35,146,58725,472,30672.47%
Northern Ireland1,050,222764,92572.83%
Scotland3,887,1692,824,56872.66%
Wales2,113,8541,608,98076.12%

Total42,197,83230,670,77972.68%

Approximately 92 'parties', including various sorts of independent, stood in the election - see the full list for details. The three major parties between them accounted for 95.36% of the votes cast. But the Conservative Party achieved its 61.08% of seats on the basis of support from 30.84% of the electorate. The list shows the percentage of votes obtained by each of the parties. 740 candidates lost their deposits.

A total of 2,579 candidates stood in the election. 3 candidates (all Labour) obtained majorities that were more than 50% of the votes cast. P Gallagher distinguished himself in Peterborough by getting no votes at all. The Lib-SDP Alliance came second in 313 seats (191 Lib, 122 SDP). Labour came second in 132 and third or worse in 292 constituencies.

The average size of majority was 9,095.56. The average Conservative majority was 10,185.23, Labour was 7,722.10, and Alliance 4,389.26. These figures may be seen in comparison with other elections here. There is a list of constituencies in order of percentage majority, together with separate lists for the three main parties in order of marginality. It is also interesting to note that in not far short of half the constituencies (48.46%) the winner had 50% or more of the votes cast, and there is a list of constituencies in order of the winner's percentage of votes cast. One issue that often interests people is what proportion of the electorate a winning candidate achieves. This is also included in this list. Turnout ranged from 51.80% in City of London & Westminster South to 88.62% in Fermanagh & South Tyrone. Constituencies are listed in order of turnout.

Transcripts are available of the Conservative and Labour party election television broadcasts

Copies of party election manifestos are available for the Conservative, Labour, and Liberal/SDP Alliance parties

NB: I should like to thank Martin Baxter for drawing my attention to errors in a couple of the results that were sourced from The Times Guide to the House of Commons for 1983. It happens that the Guide for 1987 also includes the results for 1983 and I so decided to check this version against the original 1983 data and found several more discrepancies. Where I have not been able to resolve the question of which is correct, I have used what seemed to me to be the likeliest figures and have included a note indicating the discrepancy. In these cases, if anyone is able to say, definitively, what the correct figures are, please email me.


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Last Modified: 10/22/12
© Richard Kimber